New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish positioned along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a key port, New Orleans is deemed an economic and business hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.
New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, distinctive dialect, new orleans escorts and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most distinctive” in the United States, owing in massive portion to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was after the territorial capital of French Louisiana ahead of being traded to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the greatest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until finally soon after World War II. The city’s spot and flat elevation have historically made it extremely vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have put in a complex system of levees and drainage pumps in an energy to shield the city.
New Orleans was severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding much more than 80% of the city, thousands of deaths, and so much displacement because of damaged communities and misplaced housing as to result in a population decline of above 50%. Considering that Katrina, key redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Issues about gentrification, new residents getting house in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.